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The City

Entwined in history

Also locally known as the Square Mile, the City is the business and financial services heart of London and probably one of the world’s most exciting places to visit or work. Breath-taking new buildings sit alongside Victorian warehouses, street markets and the ancient London Wall built around 200 AD. There is so much to do and see in the area that we recommend at least 3 days to see the highlights though you could spend many weeks here and continue to discover new and interesting things to see and do.

THE SIGHTS   EATING & DRINKING   ARCHITECTURE   SHOPPING  

GETTING AROUND

Over 300,000 workers come in and out of this area every day on their daily commute so although rush hour can be a bit of a squeeze, the whole area has an abundance of opportunities for getting around.

TAXIS: You will be able to find a classic black cab on pretty much any street, when the light on the top of the cab is out, they have a fare, when the light is on you can hail a cab by simply holding your arm out on the side of the road.

UNDERGROUND: The area is also serviced with plenty of underground stations, you are never more than a couple of hundred yards from one. Journeys cost from £2.30 on Zone 1. Daily travel cards cost from £12 for zone 1. The more zones you travel through the higher the cost of tickets. Locals usually use Pay as you go Oyster cards but recently it has become possible to simply present your contact-less debit card at the barriers and the system simply takes the cheapest fare possible straight out of your account so don’t forget to “tap out” or you will be charged for the highest fare possible.

BUSES: You are never far from a bus stop, route maps are available at the bus stops indicating which number bus you will need to take for your journey.

DOCKLANDS LIGHT RAIL (DLR): Very useful for journeys to London's second financial district at Canary Wharf and London City Airport. The DLR a light metro system that runs above ground. You can use Oyster cards here as well.

NATIONAL RAIL: England’s main train network runs straight through the centre of the City of London, you can pick up a train from London Liverpool Street if you are going North and East and from London Bridge if you are going South and East. Trains to the North and East run from Kings Cross, St Pancras and Paddington, Trains South and South East also run from Waterloo.

 

HISTORY & CULTURE

Often known as ‘The City’ or ‘Square Mile’, this area of London is largely unchanged since the Middle Ages.   It is believed that Roman London was established as a trading port on the Thames around 47 AD.  Little more than 10 years later ‘Londinium’ was founded.  Londinium was then rebuilt as a planned settlement which led the way to becoming the largest settlement in Roman Britain by the end of the 1st Century.
At its height the Roman City had between 45,000-60,000 residents and it was during the period 190-225 AD that the ‘London Wall’ was built.  Remains of the London Wall can still be found at the Barbican and near the Tower of London. 

A permanent ‘ City of London’ was established by Alfred the Great (King of Wessex) in the 9th Century AD.  This period became a unifying moment in British history with Wessex becoming the dominant English Kingdom at the time. 

The City of London continues to play an historic part in England’s monarchy to this very day.